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The Ins and Outs of Inquiry-Based Learning

Inquiry-based learning is a teaching method that focuses on letting students explore and discover concepts and ideas on their own, rather than being directly taught by the teacher. It is a student-centered approach that emphasizes critical thinking and problem-solving skills.





In inquiry-based learning, students are given open-ended questions or problems to investigate, and they are encouraged to use their own interests and curiosities to guide their learning. The teacher serves as a facilitator, providing support and guidance as needed, but the students are largely responsible for their own learning. This approach can be effective in helping students develop a deeper understanding of the subject matter and develop important life skills such as problem-solving and critical thinking.


Some examples of inquiry-based learning activities might include:

  • Asking students to conduct a science experiment to test a hypothesis

  • Having students research a historical event and present their findings to the class

  • Giving students a complex problem to solve and asking them to come up with a solution

  • Having students design and conduct a social science survey to gather data on a topic of interest

  • Providing students with a real-world scenario and asking them to identify the problem and come up with possible solutions

In each of these examples, the teacher provides the students with a problem or question to investigate, but the students are responsible for determining how to go about finding the answers and using their own critical thinking skills to make sense of the information they gather. This allows students to take ownership of their own learning and develop a deeper understanding of the subject matter.





Here is an example of a detailed timeline for a lesson using inquiry-based learning:

  1. Introduction (10 minutes): The teacher introduces the topic to the class and provides a brief overview of the lesson. The teacher also explains the concept of inquiry-based learning and how it will be used during the lesson.

  2. Pre-assessment (15 minutes): The teacher distributes a pre-assessment to the students to gauge their prior knowledge of the topic. The pre-assessment can be in the form of a short quiz, brainstorming activity, or a discussion. The students are encouraged to share their thoughts and ideas on the topic.

  3. Inquiry-based activity (30 minutes): The teacher divides the students into small groups and assigns them a research question related to the topic. The students are provided with a variety of resources such as textbooks, articles, and websites to find information to answer their research questions. The teacher acts as a facilitator and provides guidance and support to the students as needed.

  4. Collaborative discussion (20 minutes): After the students have completed their research, they come together as a group to discuss their findings. The teacher facilitates the discussion and encourages the students to share their thoughts and ideas with one another. The students are asked to identify any commonalities or differences in their research and discuss any questions or concerns that arose during their research.

  5. Synthesis and reflection (20 minutes): The students are asked to synthesize their findings and create a summary of their research question. They can create a poster, infographics, a PowerPoint presentation, or any other visual representation to present their findings to the class. The students then reflect on the process of inquiry-based learning and share their thoughts on how they felt about the activity.

  6. Post-assessment (15 minutes): The teacher distributes a post-assessment to the students to measure their understanding of the topic after the inquiry-based activity. The post-assessment can be in the form of a short quiz, a written response, or any other form of assessment that the teacher deems appropriate.

  7. Conclusion (10 minutes): The teacher concludes the lesson by summarizing the key points covered during the class and asks the students to reflect on what they learned during the lesson. The teacher also encourages the students to ask any remaining questions or seek clarification on any topics covered during the lesson.


As you can see, inquiry-based learning can take a bit more time than the usual lessons where the teacher teaches the topic, but it should have better results when it comes to the acquisition of knowledge and the development of students' research skills.


Also, although these types of lessons seem like the students are doing most of the work, it's important to have great preparation in order for them to be successful and to facilitate the process of research. Think about the research questions carefully, making sure that they have real-life applications, and choose the best resources that the students can use.


Have you ever used this technique in your classroom? How did it go?

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